50% Dextrose Injection, USP
Equine Fluid Therapy - Dextrose solutions
Fluid therapy is a common supportive treatment for horses that have a medical condition. This form of therapy can be utilized to assist with fluid maintenance or replacement. Pending your horse’s medical condition, your veterinarian will develop a fluid therapy plan that includes calculating the volume of fluids to be administered, the rate that the fluids need to be delivered, and the type of fluids required. Dextrose is available in a variety of concentrations. These products are available as a solution and are commonly administered intravenously.
WHAT IS THIS PRODUCT?
- A form of fluid and caloric replenishment
- Contains dextrose as a calorie source
- Given by intravenous infusion
REASONS FOR USING:
- Fluid therapy is commonly used in horses that are off their food and have a reduction in oral fluid intake
- Fluid therapy is commonly used in horses that are dehydrated and have electrolyte abnormalities
- Fluid therapy is commonly used in horses that have a disease process causing an increase in fluid loss such as diarrhea
- Dextrose solutions are commonly utilized when there are concerns regarding low blood sugar levels
Intravenous fluid therapy is commonly administered by a veterinarian as an accurate assessment of your horse is required to determine the type and severity of the medical condition.
If you are advised to provide fluid therapy to your horse, follow your veterinarian’s directions carefully.
Give the exact amount recommended and only as often as directed.
Baseline blood work may be recommended to assess your horse’s general health before starting this therapy.
Ongoing laboratory evaluation may be necessary to monitor fluid balance, electrolyte changes and acid-base status.
Fluid therapy adjustments will likely be made based upon these results and an assessment of how your horse is responding clinically.
Fluid therapy requires certain materials and a skill set for safe delivery. Inappropriate injection and delivery technique or use of non-sterile materials can result in infections. If you are unsure how your horse will react to an injection or intravenous fluid therapy, request assistance or demonstration by your veterinarian.
WHAT IF A DOSE IS MISSED?
If a dose is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is time already for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the normal schedule. Do not give two doses at the same time.
STORAGE AND WARNINGS:
Fluid products should be stored in a childproof container in a cool, dry place at room temperature away from heat and direct sunlight.
It is important to discard any unused portion as fluid therapy bags and plastic containers do not contain antimicrobial products.
Inspect fluid solutions prior to administration; they should be clear and lack discoloration.
Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS:
- Fluid therapy can result in changes to electrolyte levels
- Too much fluid therapy can cause clinical signs of breathing difficulty
- Inappropriate injection and delivery technique or use of non-sterile materials can result in a fever and infection of the injection site or vein
- All injectable medication has the potential to cause an immediate allergic or anaphylactic reaction. Affected animals may have a swelling, hives, changes in respiration, and display signs of agitation. This can be a severe and life threatening reaction, immediate veterinary care may be required.
- Notify your veterinarian immediately if your horse experiences any adverse reactions to this product
CAN THIS PRODUCT BE GIVEN WITH OTHER DRUGS?
- Consult with your veterinarian prior to the addition of any medications into the bag or plastic container of fluids as they may not be compatible
- Consult with your veterinarian regarding concurrent administration of blood products as there may be coagulation concerns
- Do not give new food or medications without first talking to your veterinarian
- If your horse experiences any unusual reactions when taking multiple medications, contact your veterinarian
Contact your veterinarian immediately if your horse receives more than the recommended amount.
WHAT HORSES SHOULD NOT TAKE THIS PRODUCT?
- Caution should be used when providing intravenous fluid therapy to horses with heart disease, respiratory disease, kidney disease, and in animals that have edema or a urinary obstruction
- Solutions containing dextrose are contraindicated in horses with a known allergy to corn or corn products
- Solutions containing dextrose are contraindicated in horses with diabetes mellitus
- Not for use in horses with a known hypersensitivity to fluid therapy products
WHAT TO TELL/ASK A VETERINARIAN BEFORE GIVING THIS PRODUCT?
Talk to your veterinarian about:
- What laboratory tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment
- When your horse may need to be re-examined
- What are the risks and benefits of using this form of therapy
- If your horse has experienced side effects on other drugs/products
- If your horse has experienced any other medical problems or allergies
- All medicines and supplements that you are giving your horse or plan to give your horse, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your horse’s medications can be given together.
- If your mare is pregnant, nursing or if you plan to breed in the near future
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW?
Notify your veterinarian if your horse’s condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
Check with the appropriate regulatory body regarding the use in competition horses.
Fluid therapy should only be given to the horse for which it was recommended and should only be given for the condition in which it was advised.
This is just a summary of information about Dextrose solutions. If you have any questions or concerns about this product or fluid therapy, please contact your veterinarian.