Carnitine / L-carnitine
Carnitine is a nutrient that the body uses for energy metabolism. Healthy animals can normally manufacture enough carnitine to prevent a deficiency. The preferred form of supplementation is “L”-carnitine. This product is available in the form of a capsule, tablet, oral solution, and an injectable solution.
WHAT IS THIS PRODUCT?
- An amino acid supplement
- Given by mouth
REASONS FOR USING THIS PRODUCT
- May be useful as an adjunct treatment for certain heart diseases such as dilated cardiomyopathy
- May be useful as an adjunct treatment for hepatic lipidosis or fatty liver syndrome in cats
- May be useful as an adjunct treatment for cognitive dysfunction
L-carnitine should be given according to your veterinarian’s instructions. Read and follow the product label carefully.
It is recommended that this supplement be given for as long as your veterinarian directs.
It is ideal to give this supplement at the same time daily.
Supplements are not regulated by the FDA. As such, they have not been required to go through the same rigorous testing for efficacy that drugs undergo and many products are not created equally. Many products on the market are high quality and are made by reputable companies. Consult with your veterinarian to choose the right product for your pet.
WHAT IF A DOSE IS MISSED?
If a dose is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is time already for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the normal schedule. Do not give two doses at the same time.
STORAGE AND WARNINGS:
Carnitine supplements should be stored in a childproof container in a cool, dry place at room temperature away from heat and direct sunlight.
The preferred form of supplementation is L-carnitine. Inappropriate supplementation with “D-forms” can cause a carnitine deficiency.
Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets.
Call your physician immediately if you accidentally take this product.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS
- These products are usually well tolerated and adverse reactions are uncommon at recommended doses
- At higher doses, supplementation may affect the gastrointestinal system causing loose stool, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting
- Notify your veterinarian immediately if your pet experiences any adverse reactions to this product
CAN THIS DRUG BE GIVEN WITH OTHER DRUGS?
- Yes, but possible interactions may occur when giving L-carnitine in conjunction with: valproic acid
- Drugs other than those listed may also interact with L-carnitine
- Do not give new food, supplements, or medications without first talking to your veterinarian
- If your pet experiences any unusual reactions when taking multiple medications, contact your veterinarian
Contact your veterinarian immediately if your pet receives more than the recommended amount.
WHAT DOGS/CATS SHOULD NOT TAKE THIS PRODUCT?
- Carnitine supplementation should not replace an appropriate balanced diet
- Pets with a known hypersensitivity to these products
- Pets that have had an earlier allergic reaction to a similar product
WHAT TO TELL/ASK A VETERINARIAN BEFORE GIVING THIS PRODUCT?
- Feeding a high quality and balanced diet for your pet’s appropriate life stage
- Any nutritional concerns that you may have
- What tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment with this supplement
- When your pet may need to be re-examined
- What are the risks and benefits of using this supplement
- If your pet has experienced side effects on other drugs/products
- If your pet has experienced any other medical problems or allergies
- If your pet has experienced digestive upset now or ever
- All medicines and supplements that you are giving your pet or plan to give your pet, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your pet’s medications can be given together.
- If your pet is pregnant, nursing or if you plan to breed your pet in the near future
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW?
Notify your veterinarian if your animal’s condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
As with all prescribed medicines, L-carnitine should only be given to the pet for which it was prescribed.
It should be given only for the condition for which it was prescribed.
This is just a summary of information about L-carnitine. If you have any questions or concerns about this medication or the condition it was prescribed for, please contact your veterinarian.