Cefovecin is an injectable cephalosporin antimicrobial used to treat many common bacterial infections in dogs and cats (eg. skin and soft tissue infections, urinary and respiratory tract infections, etc). Treatment with Cefovecin usually requires only a single injection.
WHAT IS THIS DRUG?
- 3rd generation cephalosporin; a semi-synthetic broad spectrum antibiotic
- Given by subcutaneous injection (under the skin and above the muscle)
- Supplied in a multi-use vial as dehydrated cake that is rehydrated with sterile water before use
REASONS FOR PRESCRIBING:
- Single injection (while in hospital) makes it a very convenient option
- Useful broad spectrum antibiotic most often prescribed for common and uncomplicated infections
- Especially useful against skin, soft tissue, respiratory and genitourinary tract infections in dogs and cats
WHAT DOGS/CATS SHOULD NOT TAKE THIS MEDICATION?
- Use with caution in pets with kidney failure
- Safe use in dogs and cats less than 4 months of age, and in pregnant, breeding or nursing animals has not been determined. Treated animals should not be used for breeding for 12 weeks after the last administration.
- Pets whom have had previous allergic reactions to penicillin, other cephalosporins or antibiotics
Cefovecin will be administered to your pet while at the veterinary clinic.
Fasting is not necessary.
A bacterial culture from the infection may be obtained for testing prior to beginning antimicrobial therapy. Once results become available, another drug may be prescribed if the results show that another antibiotic choice would be more beneficial to your pet.
In 3 or 4 days you should see a response to treatment. If you feel that no improvement has occurred, contact your veterinarian to see if a second injection should be administered (in dogs only) or an alternative therapy considered.
Therapeutic drug concentrations after the initial injection are maintained for 7-14 days.
Antibiotic medicines can cause diarrhea, which may be a sign of a new infection. Contact your veterinarian if the diarrhea is watery or has blood in it. Do not use any medicine to stop the diarrhea unless your veterinarian has instructed you to do so.
WHAT IF A DOSE IS MISSED?If a dose is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is time already for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the normal schedule. Do not give two doses at the same time.
What to tell/ask veterinarian before giving medication?
Talk to your veterinarian about:
- When will your pet need to be rechecked
- What tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment with this drug
- Risks and benefits of using this drug
Tell your veterinarian about:
- If your pet has experienced side-effects on other drugs/products
- If your pet has experienced digestive upset now or ever
- If your pet has experienced kidney disease now or ever
- If your pet has experienced any other medical problems or allergies now or ever
- All medicines and supplements that you are giving your pet or plan to give your pet, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your pet's medicines can be given together.
- If your pet is pregnant or nursing or if you plan to breed your pet
STORAGE AND WARNINGS:
Store powder and reconstituted product in the original carton in the refrigerator.
Protect from light.
Once reconstituted, use the entire contents of the vial within 28 days.
Not for use in humans. Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets.
Call your physician immediately if you accidentally take this product.
Pet owners who are allergic to penicillin and/or other antibiotics should avoid handling this drug.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS:
- This medication is usually well tolerated by dogs and cats
- Dogs: Loss of appetite, lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, hyperactivity or ‘acting strange’ and inappropriate urination may be experienced
- Cats: Loss of appetite, lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, blood in feces, dehydration and flatulence may be experienced
- Cefovecin is slowly eliminated from the body, ie. ~65 days are needed to eliminate 97% of the administered dose from the body. Animals experiencing an adverse reaction may need monitoring during this time.
- Some laboratory test results may be altered by cephalosporin antimicrobials
- High doses can be toxic to the kidneys, liver and nervous system
- If you notice anything unusual, contact your veterinarian
CAN THIS DRUG BE GIVEN WITH OTHER DRUGS?
Yes, but the following drugs may interact with Cefovecin: anticonvulsants, behavioral and cardiac medications, carprofen, doxycycline, furosemide, ketoconazole, NSAIDs and propofol
Cefovecin is unlikely to cause significant problems, but stomach upset may occur.
Contact your veterinarian if your pet is experiencing any adverse effects.
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW?
Notify your veterinarian if your animal's condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
This is just a summary of information about Cefovecin. If you have any questions or concerns about Cefovecin or the condition it was prescribed for, contact your veterinarian.