Cloxacillin is a beta lactam antibiotic used to treat various bacterial (especially Staphylococcal) infections in dogs and cats. Cloxacillin is available as an oral solution or in capsules; an injectable form may be used at your veterinary clinic.
WHAT IS THIS DRUG?
- A semi-synthetic beta lactam antibiotic (beta-lactamase-resistant) in the same class as penicillin
- Registered for use in humans but used frequently in small animal medicine
- Available as an oral solution and as capsules, and as an injection (powder for reconstitution)
REASONS FOR PRESCRIBING:
- Useful to treat a variety of bacterial infections (usually Staphylococcal) in dogs and cats, including infections of the skin, bone, blood and lung
WHAT PETS SHOULD NOT TAKE THIS MEDICATION?
- Use with caution in pets on sodium restricted diets
- Use with caution in very small animals who may be dehydrated
- Use with caution in pets with kidney, liver or cardiac disorders
- Pregnant animals
- Hamsters, gerbils, rabbits, guinea pigs and chinchillas are sensitive to penicillins
- Pets known to have had a prior allergic reaction to Cloxacillin or other beta-lactam antibiotics
Give medication as directed by your veterinarian.
Give the exact amount prescribed and only as often as directed.
The dose will depend upon the type of infection, and the age and weight of the pet.
The oral suspension and capsules should NOT be given with food. Ideally give 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal. However, if your pet is experiencing the side effect of vomiting, giving the drug with food may reduce this problem.
For liquids, shake well before accurately measuring the dose with a syringe.
Give this medication for as long as your veterinarian directs. Finish the entire course of treatment.
Ideally, give the medication at the same time daily.
WHAT IF DOSE IS MISSED?
If a dose is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is time already for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the normal schedule. Do not give two doses at the same time.
STORAGE AND WARNINGS:
Store capsules at room temperature in a cool, dry place. Keep away from heat and direct sunlight.
After mixing the powder and water, refrigerate the oral suspension for up to 14 days. Discard any remaining product after that time.
Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets. Call your physician immediately if you accidentally receive this product.
Pet owners allergic to beta lactam drugs (such as cephalosporins) should avoid handling this drug.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS:
- Lack of appetite, drooling, vomiting and/or diarrhea
- Allergy symptoms to this medication include: rash, fever, swollen lymph nodes, stumbling/staggering, elevated heart and breathing rates, difficulty breathing and swelling of the face or legs.
- It is important to stop therapy and contact your veterinarian immediately if you think your pet has a medical problem or side effect from this product's therapy
CAN THIS DRUG BE GIVEN WITH OTHER DRUGS?
- Yes, but possible interactions may occur with anticoagulants (like heparin), other antibiotics (eg. chloramphenicol, erythromycin, gentamicin, tetracycline, etc), methotrexate and probenicid
- If your pet experiences any unusual reactions when taking multiple medications, contact your veterinarian
Contact your veterinarian immediately if your pet receives more than the prescribed amount.
WHAT TO TELL/ASK VETERINARIAN BEFORE GIVING MEDICATION?
Talk to your veterinarian about:
- When will your pet need to be rechecked
- What tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment with this drug
- Risks and benefits of using this drug
Tell your veterinarian about:
- If your pet has experienced side-effects on other drugs/products
- If your pet has experienced digestive upset now or ever
- If your pet has experienced liver or kidney disease now or ever
- If your pet has experienced any other medical problems or allergies now or ever
- All medicines and supplements that you are giving your pet or plan to give your pet, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your pet's medicines can be given together.
- If your pet is pregnant or nursing or if you plan to breed your pet
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW?
Notify your veterinarian if your animal's condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
As with all prescribed medicines, Cloxacillin should only be given to the dog/cat for which it was prescribed. It should be given only for the condition for which it was prescribed.
This is just a summary of information about Cloxacillin. If you have any questions or concerns about Cloxacillin or for the condition it was prescribed, contact your veterinarian.