Codeine is an opioid narcotic, similar in action to morphine. It is primarily used for pain relief. Codeine is available as an injectable, as an oral solution, and as a tablet.
WHAT IS THIS DRUG?
- An opioid analgesic or pain medication
- Primarily given by mouth
REASONS FOR PRESCRIBING:
- To relieve mild to moderate pain from conditions such as joint, muscle, or post-surgical pain
- In some instances, it can be utilized as a cough suppressant or antidiarrheal
WHAT DOGS/CATS SHOULD NOT TAKE THIS MEDICATION?
- This medication should not be used in animals with chronic heart failure, respiratory disease, or acute respiratory dysfunction
- This medication should not be used in animals with head injuries, brain tumors, hydrocephalus, or other conditions causing an increase in intracranial pressure
- This medication should not be used in animals with severe liver or kidney disease
- Caution should be used if using this medication in animals with adrenal or thyroid conditions
- Caution should be used if using this medication in old or debilitated animals
- This medication is contraindicated in animals that have diarrhea due to the ingestion of a toxic substance
- This medication is contraindicated in animals that have been stung by certain species of scorpions as it can potentiate the venom
- Combination formulations of codeine that contain acetaminophen should not be used in cats
- This medication should not be used in animals that require full alertness when performing, e.g. guide dogs, police dogs, rescue dogs, etc.
- Safety in pregnant or nursing pets has not been established
- Animals with a known hypersensitivity or allergy to this drug or other opioids should not take this medication
Read and follow the prescription label carefully.
Give the exact amount prescribed and only as often as directed.
Give this medication for as long as your veterinarian directs. Do not skip doses or stop giving the medication without consulting your veterinarian.
Baseline blood work may be recommended to assess your pet’s general health before starting this drug.
Dose adjustments may be made based upon these results and an assessment of how your pet is responding clinically.
Call ahead for refills.
Ideally, give medication at the same time(s) daily.
Do not give this medication with any other over the counter medications that are used for treating pain without consulting your veterinarian.
WHAT IF A DOSE IS MISSED?
If a dose is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is time already for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the normal schedule. Do not give two doses at the same time.
STORAGE AND WARNINGS:
Codeine should be stored in a childproof container in a cool, dry place at room temperature away from heat and direct sunlight.
Do not give your pet aged cheese products as they can interact with this medication.
Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets.
Call your physician immediately if you accidentally take this product.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS:
- This medication is usually well tolerated, adverse effects are potentially more common with higher dosages and more chronic use
- The most common side effect with this medication is sedation
- This medication can affect the gastrointestinal system causing loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and constipation
- Some cats may show central nervous system stimulation including excitability, tremors, and seizures
- If these symptoms persist or you notice anything else unusual, contact your veterinarian
CAN THIS DRUG BE GIVEN WITH OTHER DRUGS?
- Yes, but possible interactions may occur when giving Codeine in conjunction with: acepromazine, antidepressants, antihistamines, atropine, central nervous system depressants including anesthetic agents, phenobarbital, phenothiazines, selegiline, and certain medications in flea and tick collars
- Drugs other than those listed may also interact with Codeine
- Do not give new food or medications without first talking to your veterinarian
- If your pet experiences any unusual reactions when taking multiple medications, contact your veterinarian
Contact your veterinarian immediately if your pet receives more than the prescribed amount.
WHAT TO TELL/ASK A VETERINARIAN BEFORE GIVING MEDICATION?Talk to your veterinarian about:
- Common signs of pain or discomfort in your pet
- When your pet will need to be rechecked
- What tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment with this drug
- What are the risks and benefits of using this drug
- If your pet has experienced side effects on other drugs/products
- If your pet has experienced digestive upset now or ever
- If your pet has experienced liver or kidney disease now or ever
- If your pet has experienced any other medical problems or allergies now or ever
- All medicines and supplements that you are giving your pet or plan to give your pet, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your pet’s medications can be given together.
- If your pet is pregnant, nursing or if you plan to breed your pet
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW?
Notify your veterinarian if your animal’s condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
Codeine is a controlled substance and should not be given to anyone. As with all prescribed medicines, Codeine should only be given to the pet for which it was prescribed.
It should be given only for the condition for which it was prescribed.
This is just a summary of information about Codeine. If you have any questions or concerns about this medication or for the condition it was prescribed, please contact your veterinarian.