This is a medication that can affect both the brain and muscles in dogs and cats. Diazepam is available in tablets and as an injectable.
WHAT IS THIS DRUG?
- A benzodiazepine
- Given by mouth, rectally, or by injection
REASONS FOR PRESCRIBING:
- To treat seizures
- To treat anxiety
- To cause sedation
- To cause muscle relaxation
WHAT DOGS/CATS SHOULD NOT TAKE THIS MEDICATION?
- Animals with liver and kidney disease
- Animals that are aggressive
- Animals that have a serious illness or respiratory depression
- Animals that may be pregnant or nursing
- Animals that require full alertness when performing - guide dogs, police dogs, rescue dogs
- Animals with a known hypersensitivity or allergy to this drug should not take this medication
Read and follow the prescription label carefully.
Give the exact amount prescribed and only as often as directed.
Discuss with your veterinarian if this medication is to be given with food.
Give this medication for as long as your veterinarian directs. Do not skip doses or stop giving the medication without consulting your veterinarian.
Baseline blood work may be recommended to assess your pet's general health before starting this medication.
Periodic blood work to monitor its effects on the body may also be advised if long term therapy is necessary. Dose adjustments may be made based upon these results and an assessment of how your dog or cat is responding clinically.
Call ahead for refills.
Ideally, give this medication at the same time(s) daily.
RECTAL ADMINISTRATION FOR SEIZURING ANIMAL:
Your veterinarian may recommend this form of administration during a seizure. Ensure that you have discussed this technique with your veterinarian and that it has been demonstrated to you prior to an emergency event.
- Measure the correct amount of diazepam into the provided syringe
- Attach the syringe to the supplied catheter
- Apply small amount of lubricant to catheter tip and rectum
- Gently insert approximately 3" of the catheter into the rectum
- Slowly push the syringe plunger and deliver the measured amount of diazepam
WHAT IF A DOSE IS MISSED?
If a dose is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is time already for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the normal schedule. Do not give two doses at the same time.
STORAGE AND WARNINGS:
Diazepam should be stored in a childproof container in a cool, dark place at room temperature away from heat and direct light.
Do not store injectable diazepam in plastic syringes as it is absorbed by the plastic.
Do not mix with any other injectable medication.
Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets.
Call your physician immediately if you accidentally take this product.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS:
- This medication can affect the kidneys and liver
- This medication can affect the central nervous system causing sedation, excitement, and behavior changes
- If these symptoms persist or you notice anything else unusual, contact your veterinarian
CAN THIS DRUG BE GIVEN WITH OTHER DRUGS?
- Yes, but possible interactions may occur when giving diazepam in conjunction with: cimetidine, digoxin, erythromycin, fluoxetine, ketoconazole, phenobarbital, probenecid, propanalol, and rifampin
- Drugs other than those listed may also interact with diazepam
- Do not give new food or medications without first talking to your veterinarian
- If your pet experiences any unusual reactions when taking multiple medications, contact your veterinarian
Contact your veterinarian immediately if your pet receives more than the prescribed amount.
WHAT TO TELL/ASK A VETERINARIAN BEFORE GIVING MEDICATION?
Talk to your veterinarian about:
- When your pet will need to be rechecked
- What tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment with this drug
- What are the risks and benefits of using this drug
Tell your veterinarian about:
- If your pet has experienced side-effects on other drugs/products
- If your pet has experienced digestive upset now or ever
- If your pet has experienced liver or kidney disease now or ever
- If your pet has experienced any other medical problems or allergies now or ever
- All medicines and supplements that you are giving your pet or plan to give your pet, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your pet's medications can be given together.
- If your pet is pregnant, nursing or if you plan to breed your pet
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW?
Notify your veterinarian if your animal's condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
As with all prescribed medicines, diazepam should only be given to the pet for which it was prescribed.
It should be given only for the condition for which it was prescribed.
This is just a summary of information about diazepam. If you have any questions or concerns about diazepam or the condition it was prescribed for, please contact your veterinarian.