Equine Magnesium sulfate (Rx)
Magnesium is an electrolyte which plays an important role in maintaining and supporting normal body functions. Pending your horse’s medical condition, your veterinarian may recommend a fluid therapy plan that includes the administration of magnesium. This product is available as an injectable solution and is commonly administered in a veterinary hospital intravenously.
WHAT IS THIS PRODUCT?
- A form of electrolyte replacement
- Given by intravenous infusion
REASONS FOR USING:
- When a magnesium deficiency exists (hypomagnesemia)
- May be used to treat heart arrhythmias or abnormal heart rhythms
Because an accurate assessment is required to determine the type and severity of the medical condition, Magnesium sulfate supplementation is commonly administered by a veterinarian.
Baseline blood work is recommended to assess your horse’s general health before starting this therapy. Your horse will need to be observed closely and ongoing laboratory evaluation will be necessary to monitor electrolyte changes. Dose adjustments may be made based upon these results and an assessment of how your horse is responding clinically.
Fluid therapy requires certain materials and a skill set for safe delivery. Inappropriate injection and delivery technique or use of non-sterile materials can result in infections. If you are unsure how your horse will react to an injection or intravenous fluid therapy, request assistance or demonstration by your veterinarian.
WHAT IF A DOSE IS MISSED?
If a dose is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is time already for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the normal schedule. Do not give two doses at the same time.
STORAGE AND WARNINGS:
Magnesium sulfate should be stored in a childproof container in a cool, dry place at room temperature away from heat and direct sunlight.
Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS:
- Magnesium sulfate supplementation can result in changes to electrolyte levels
- High doses can result in lethargy, depression, weakness, lower heart rate and respiratory rate, reduced blood pressure, and possible cardiac arrest
- All injectable medication has the potential to cause an immediate allergic or anaphylactic reaction. Affected animals may have a swelling, hives, changes in respiration, and display signs of agitation. This can be a severe and life threatening reaction, immediate veterinary care may be required.
- Notify your veterinarian immediately if your horse experiences any adverse reactions to this product
CAN THIS PRODUCT BE GIVEN WITH OTHER DRUGS?
- Yes, but possible interactions may occur with calcium supplements, central nervous system depressants, digoxin, and neuromuscular blocking agents
- Drugs other than those listed may also interact with Magnesium sulfate
- Do not give new food or medications without first talking to your veterinarian
- If your horse experiences any unusual reactions when taking multiple medications, contact your veterinarian
Contact your veterinarian immediately if your horse receives more than the recommended amount.
WHAT TO TELL/ASK A VETERINARIAN BEFORE GIVING THIS PRODUCT?Talk to your veterinarian about:
- What laboratory tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment
- When your horse may need to be re-examined
- What are the risks and benefits of using this form of therapy
- If your horse has experienced side effects on other drugs/products
- If your horse has experienced any other medical problems or allergies
- All medicines and supplements that you are giving your horse or plan to give your horse, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your horse’s medications can be given together.
- If your mare is pregnant, nursing or if you plan to breed in the near future
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW?
Notify your veterinarian if your horse’s condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
Check with the appropriate regulatory body regarding the use in competition horses.
Magnesium sulfate should only be given to the horse for which it was recommended and should only be given for the condition in which it was advised.
This is just a summary of information about Magnesium sulfate. If you have any questions or concerns about this medication or for the condition it was prescribed, please contact your veterinarian.