Equine Gentamicin sulfate
This drug is an antibiotic that fights bacterial infections. Gentamicin sulfate is available as an injectable solution.
WHAT IS THIS DRUG?
- A broad spectrum antibiotic
- Given by intravenous (IV) injection, intramuscular (IM) injection, or as an intrauterine infusion
REASONS FOR PRESCRIBING:
- Used to treat susceptible bacterial infections.
- Commonly used as an intrauterine infusion to assist with the management of uterine infections (metritis) and to aid in improving conception rates
Gentamicin sulfate should be given according to your veterinarian’s instructions. Read and follow the prescription label and route of administration carefully.
Give the exact amount prescribed and only as often as directed.
Give this medication for as long as your veterinarian directs. Do not skip doses or stop giving the medication without consulting your veterinarian.
Baseline blood work may be recommended to assess your horse’s general health before starting this medication.
Periodic blood work to monitor its effects on the body is also advised if long term therapy is necessary.
Dose adjustments may be made based upon these results and an assessment of how your horse is responding clinically.
Ideally, give this medication at the same time(s) daily.
Common areas for intramuscular (IM) vaccine injections include the base of the neck and the hamstrings as they are both large muscles. The base of the neck provides a relatively safe location for the handler and is located in a triangle formed by the crest, the neck vertebrae, and the point of the shoulder. The hamstring locations should only be used by experienced handlers as there are increased safety risks. The top of the rump is not a recommended site because abscesses in this location are difficult to treat.
If you are unsure how your horse will react to an injection, request assistance or demonstration by your veterinarian.
WHAT IF A DOSE IS MISSED?
If a dose is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is time already for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the normal schedule. Do not give two doses at the same time.
STORAGE AND WARNINGS:
Gentamicin sulfate should be stored in a childproof container in a cool, dry place at room temperature away from heat and direct sunlight.
Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets.
Call your physician immediately if you accidentally take this product.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS:
- This medication can affect the ear causing a change in balance and hearing
- This medication can affect the kidneys causing a change in drinking and urination frequency as well as result in the elevations of certain of blood test parameters
- This medication can affect the nervous and muscular system causing neuromuscular blockade
- There is a risk for antibiotic associated diarrhea or colic
- There is a risk for injection site discomfort with intramuscular (IM) injections
- All antibiotics have the potential to cause an over-growth of non-susceptible organisms
- All injectable medications have the potential to cause an immediate allergic or anaphylactic reaction. Affected animals may have a swelling, hives, changes in respiration, and display signs of agitation. This can be a severe and life threatening reaction, immediate treatment with epinephrine is often required.
- Notify your veterinarian immediately if your horse experiences any adverse reactions to this medication
CAN THIS DRUG BE GIVEN WITH OTHER DRUGS?
- Avoid concurrent use of other potentially kidney-toxic drugs such as amphotericin B, cisplatin and vancomycin
- Avoid concurrent use with anesthetics, cephalosporins, diuretics (furosemide), and neuromuscular blocking agents (muscle relaxants)
- Drugs other than those listed may also interact with Gentamicin sulfate
- Do not give new food or medications without first talking to your veterinarian
- If your horse experiences any unusual reactions when taking multiple medications, contact your veterinarian
Contact your veterinarian immediately if your horse receives more than the prescribed amount.
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW?
Notify your veterinarian if your horse’s condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
This product should not be used in horses intended for human consumption.
Check with the appropriate regulatory body regarding the use in competition horses.
As with all prescribed medication, Gentamicin sulfate should only be given to the horse for which it was prescribed.
It should be given only for the condition for which it was prescribed.
This is just a summary of information about Gentamicin sulfate. If you have any questions or concerns about this product or for the condition it was prescribed, please contact your veterinarian.