Magnesium sulfate (Rx)
Magnesium is an electrolyte which plays an important role in maintaining and supporting normal body functions. Pending your pet’s medical condition, your veterinarian may recommend a fluid therapy plan that includes the administration of magnesium. This product is available as an injectable solution and is commonly administered in a veterinary hospital intravenously.
WHAT IS THIS PRODUCT?
- A form of electrolyte replacement
- Given by intravenous infusion
REASONS FOR USING:
- When a magnesium deficiency exists (hypomagnesemia)
- May be used as an anticonvulsant
- May be used to treat heart arrhythmias or abnormal heart rhythms
Because an accurate assessment is required to determine the type and severity of the medical condition, Magnesium sulfate supplementation is commonly administered by a veterinarian.
Baseline blood work is recommended to assess your pet’s general health before starting this therapy. Your pet will need to be observed closely and ongoing laboratory evaluation will be necessary to monitor electrolyte changes. Dose adjustments may be made based upon these results and an assessment of how your dog or cat is responding clinically.
WHAT IF A DOSE IS MISSED?
If a dose is missed, it should be given as soon as possible. If it is time already for the next dose, the missed dose should be skipped and the pet should be returned to the normal schedule. Two doses should never be given at the same time.
STORAGE AND WARNINGS:
Magnesium sulfate should be stored in a childproof container in a cool, dry place at room temperature away from heat and direct sunlight.
Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS:
- Magnesium sulfate supplementation can result in changes to electrolyte levels
- High doses can result in lethargy, depression, weakness, lower heart rate and respiratory rate, reduced blood pressure, and possible cardiac arrest
- All injectable medication has the potential to cause an immediate allergic or anaphylactic reaction. Affected animals may have a swelling, hives, changes in respiration, and display signs of agitation. This can be a severe and life threatening reaction, immediate veterinary care may be required.
- Notify your veterinarian immediately if your pet experiences any adverse reactions to this product
CAN THIS PRODUCT BE GIVEN WITH OTHER DRUGS?
- Yes, but possible interactions may occur with calcium supplements, central nervous system depressants, digoxin, and neuromuscular blocking agents
- Drugs other than those listed may also interact with Magnesium sulfate
- Do not give new food or medications without first talking to your veterinarian
- If your pet experiences any unusual reactions when taking multiple medications, contact your veterinarian
Contact your veterinarian immediately if your pet receives more than the recommended amount.
WHAT TO TELL/ASK A VETERINARIAN BEFORE GIVING THIS PRODUCT?Talk to your veterinarian about:
- When you pet will need to be rechecked
- What tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment
- What are the risks and benefits of using this form of therapy
- If your pet has experienced side effects on other drugs/products
- If your pet has experienced digestive upset now or ever
- If your pet has experienced liver or kidney disease now or ever
- If your pet has experienced any other medical problems or allergies now or ever
- All medicines and supplements that you are giving your pet or plan to give your pet, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your pet’s medications can be given together.
- If your pet is pregnant, nursing or if you plan to breed your pet
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW?
Notify your veterinarian if your pet’s condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
This is just a summary of information about Magnesium sulfate. If you have any questions or concerns about this medication or for the condition it was prescribed, please contact your veterinarian.