Neomycin sulfate (oral)
Neomycin sulfate is an antibiotic used to kill gastrointestinal bacteria in dogs and cats prior to intestinal surgery or in certain cases of liver disease. Neomycin sulfate is available as tablets or as an oral suspension. It is also offered in combination with other drugs as a topical medication.
WHAT IS THIS DRUG?
- An aminoglycoside antibiotic
- Neomycin sulfate is not absorbed into circulation; effects are limited to intestinal bacteria
- Given by mouth
REASONS FOR PRESCRIBING:
- Because Neomycin sulfate does a good job of killing gut bacteria, it is used while treating some liver conditions and also before intestinal surgery
- Used to treat or prevent diarrhea-causing bacterial infections of the intestines
WHAT PETS SHOULD NOT TAKE THIS MEDICATION?
- Use with caution in very young or very old animals or those with inflammatory bowel disease
- Pets with muscle disorders, liver or kidney disorders
- Animals with blocked stomach or intestines
- Use with caution in working dogs (guide dogs, police dogs, etc) as this type of antibiotic may cause irreversible hearing damage
- Cats tend to be more allergic than dogs
- Known to be fatal to rabbits
- Pregnant animals
- Pets known to have had a prior allergic reaction to Neomycin sulfate or another antibiotic
Neomycin sulfate can cause severe kidney damage. Your veterinarian may want to perform laboratory testing to assess kidney function prior to starting your pet on this drug.
Give medication as directed by your veterinarian. Read and follow the label carefully.
Give the exact amount prescribed and only as often as directed.
Give this medication for as long as your veterinarian directs. Finish the entire course of treatment.
Ideally, give the medication at the same time daily.
WHAT IF DOSE IS MISSED?
If a dose is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is time already for the next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the normal schedule. Do not give two doses at the same time.
STORAGE AND WARNINGS:
Store at room temperature in a cool, dry place. Keep away from heat and direct sunlight.
Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets. Call your physician immediately if you accidentally take this product.
People with allergies to antibiotics should use extreme caution handling this drug since allergic reactions could occur from contact.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS:
- Can cause irreversible deafness. If you notice that your pet has a head tilt, loss of balance or is not hearing well, contact your veterinarian immediately.
- Neomycin sulfate can cause severe kidney damage. If your pet is urinating more frequently or not feeling well, contact your veterinarian immediately.
- Can cause muscle weakness. If your pet is staggering or appears weak, contact your veterinarian immediately.
- Allergic reactions can be fatal in cats. If your pet shows irregular breathing, is scratching, has facial swelling, or anything else unusual, stop therapy and contact your veterinarian immediately.
CAN THIS DRUG BE GIVEN WITH OTHER DRUGS?
Yes, but possible interactions may occur with digoxin, methotrexate, potassium, some other antibiotics and Vitamin K
If your pet experiences any unusual reactions when taking multiple medications, contact your veterinarian
Contact your veterinarian immediately if your pet receives more than the prescribed amount.
WHAT TO TELL/ASK VETERINARIAN BEFORE GIVING MEDICATION?
Talk to your veterinarian about:
- When will your pet need to be rechecked
- What tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment with this drug
- Risks and benefits of using this drug
Tell your veterinarian about:
- If your pet has experienced side-effects on other drugs/products
- If your pet has experienced digestive upset now or ever
- If your pet has experienced liver or kidney disease now or ever
- If your pet has experienced any other medical problems or allergies now or ever
- All medicines and supplements that you are giving your pet or plan to give your pet, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your pet's medicines can be given together.
- If your pet is pregnant or nursing or if you plan to breed your pet
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW?
Notify your veterinarian if your animal's condition does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
As with all prescribed medicines, Neomycin sulfate should only be given to the dog/cat for which it was prescribed. It should be given only for the condition for which it was prescribed.
This is just a summary of information about Neomycin sulfate. If you have any questions or concerns about Neomycin sulfate or for the condition it was prescribed, contact your veterinarian.