Vetstreet. All rights reserved. Powered by Brightspot.
Vetstreet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. See Additional Information ›
Pigs are pigs, you might think. But our domesticated porkers have a lot of wild relatives. One relatively familiar one is the wart hog, but you probably don't know there's another interesting warty pig out there in the wild. In fact, that's its name: the Visayan warty pig. We talked to Jeff Holland, curator of mammals at the Los Angeles Zoo and chair of the Association of Zoos & Aquariums Wild Pig, Peccary and Hippo Taxon Advisory Group, who provided us with some fascinating facts about this animal.
The Visayan part of the name is this pig's home, referring to the Visayan Islands in the central Philippines. Sadly, it is now extinct on two of the five islands. Unfortunately for the pig, it's just as edible and useful as its domestic relatives, so it is hunted for its hide and meat. It's also losing habitat to deforestation for development and logging.
The other part of its name comes from the three warty bumps on the faces of the boars. These may protect them from each other's tusks in a fight.
The other fashion distinction of the males? During mating season they grow spiky Mohawk-like hairstyles that the ladies seem to find very appealing. Then they shed them when the mating season is over.
These pigs like to hang out in small groups and eat vegetables, roots and fruits. They turn over the soil very effectively with their snouts, including where human crops are planted — another reason they are hunted, this time by farmers.
Domestic pigs are another threat. They can introduce diseases and parasites but also hybridize with the wild pigs, resulting in crossbreeds with large ears and sometimes even spotted markings.
Like other pigs, they love to wallow in mud. And they must get to do it a lot: Their rain forest habitat gets more than 90 inches of rain per year. Lucky pigs!
The Visayan warty pig wasn't recognized as a species until 1993. The first pigs were brought to the U.S. by the San Diego Zoo in 2003, and there are now 12 AZA-accredited zoos participating in an international captive breeding program to try to increase their numbers.
Read more Vetstreet articles featuring fun animal facts.
Like this article? Have a point of view to share? Let us know!
Take our breed quiz to find your next pet.
Bartonella is a type bacteria that can be transmitted to cats, dogs and humans from exposure to infected fleas and…
Want to give your pup yummy, low-calorie treats? We’ve got the skinny on which foods are OK to feed him.
Not sure about food puzzles? Our veterinarian reveals why the payoff for your pet is well worth any extra work.
With these simple dental care tips, you can help keep your canine’s adorable smile shiny and healthy for life.
The friendly and inquisitive LaPerm has an easy-care coat that comes in a variety of colors and patterns.
Check out our collection of more than 250 videos about pet training, animal behavior, dog and cat breeds and more.
Wonder which dog or cat best fits your lifestyle? Our new tool will narrow down more than 300 breeds for you.
If the video doesn't start playing momentarily,
please install the latest version of Flash.
Thank you for subscribing.