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A: Stories of dogs refusing to get out of the car have been common among my clients this past year. There are a variety of reasons dogs opt to stay in the car, but each one has a simple training solution.
Keep in mind that any time your dog rides in the car, she should be secured in a crate, for her safety and yours.
So why is your dog resisting getting out of the car? Here are five common reasons, plus strategies for dealing with them.
Your dog doesn’t want to miss out on any fun. Car trips often take canines to a favorite place such as the beach, dog park or doggy day care. After a round of errands, your dog may not want to get out of the car since that might mean she will miss out on another fun outing.
Solution: Train your dog to get out of the car on cue. Start by teaching her to hand target. Practice in a situation where your dog is relaxed, such as getting on and off a deck or lawn furniture. Have your dog follow your hand as she gets on and off the deck. Follow with a reward she enjoys, such as a treat or a game of fetch. Once your dog is reliably following your hand and climbing on and off the deck or lawn chair, move the training to the car. When your dog gets out of the car, reward her with a fun activity, such as a food puzzle or a game of tug.
The car is her safe den area. Maybe your dog was taken on frequent car rides during her socialization period as a puppy, maybe she likes the cushy seats, or maybe she just enjoys the gentle warmth when it’s cold outside. Dogs like to have comfortable and safe places to rest, and for your canine, the car may be her chosen place, especially since it offers a high vantage point from which to view her surroundings.
Solution: To keep your dog from treating the car as her favorite safe place, create a denlike area in your home for her. Make a crate or doggy-proofed area inviting with soft bedding, chews and toys.
Being pulled out of the car is stressful. Your dog may not want to jump out of the car because you are pulling on her collar; instead, she will pull back in opposition to the pressure, a normal response for dogs. She may also feel trapped by having people enclosing her on both sides, and she tries to fight to stay in her safety zone inside the car rather than be pulled or pushed out.
Solution: Train your dog to move with pressure when her collar is pulled. Although hand targeting and luring are preferred, your dog should still be taught how to respond when her collar is pulled.
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