Most Common Health Conditions in Adult Cats

Feline asthma is a recurring situation in which the airways are constricted, making it difficult for the cat to breathe. Signs include exercise intolerance, coughing, wheezing and trouble breathing. Your veterinarian can diagnose the condition and provide treatment.

Feline rhinotracheitis and feline calicivirus are two widespread viral diseases that can cause severe upper respiratory infection in cats. Symptoms may include sneezing and runny eyes. The recommended core vaccination protocol for cats includes vaccination against these two viruses.

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a contagious, untreatable virus that impairs the immune system, so the cat is more likely to be affected by other diseases. A cat with FIV should be kept indoors and away from other cats to both shield the cat (from infections) and help prevent passing FIV on to other cats.

Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is another contagious, untreatable virus that suppresses the immune system, so the cat is more likely to contract and succumb to other diseases. This virus is also associated with cancer and other life-threatening illnesses. A vaccination is available for higher-risk cats but is not suggested for all cats.

Hereditary diseases sometimes first emerge in adulthood. These can include diseases of the eyes, digestive system, musculoskeletal system, nervous system, respiratory system, urinary or reproductive tract, heart or skin. Become familiar with the hereditary problems to which your breed is predisposed so you can be on the lookout for signs. 

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