2001-Mon Feb 27 06:44:50 EST 2017
Vetstreet. All rights reserved.
Vetstreet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. See Additional Information ›
It's an invitation that is nearly impossible to resist: a dog rolls over and offers his belly for rubbing. Petite, paunchy, fluffy or hairless — exposed
dog tummies demand a good rub or scratch. But why do so many dogs like it so much?
Dr. Margaret Gruen, DVM, MVPH, Diplomat of the American College of Veterinary Behaviorists and a Veterinary Behaviorist at the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, notes that although both
cats and dogs expose their bellies, their reasons can differ.
Cats often lie on their backs in a defensive posture, which is
not an invitation for a belly rub, she explains, while dogs have other motives. “
Dogs expose their bellies as part of a
submissive display, sometimes during play, and with people they are comfortable with,” says Dr. Gruen. The submissive element doesn’t mean that the pup is not enjoying the rub. If the dog is comfortable with the person who is petting him, the pup will sometimes roll onto his back to increase belly access. “It seems that in these dogs, the belly rub feels good,” she says.
A different behavior occurs when a dog rolls on his back as soon as he is approached. “These dogs may be showing submissive behavior,” explains Dr. Gruen, “especially if it is accompanied by other submissive postures such as tucking tails or licking lips.” In these cases, attempting a belly rub is not the best response — at least not at first, as the pup could feel intimidated by someone leaning in for a rub. “For these dogs, the best way to make them feel comfortable is to get low, as by sitting down, and call the
dog over without leaning or reaching over them,” says Dr. Gruen.
Dr. Gruen says that generally, when a dog rolls over for a belly rub, there's no reason not to give one. But it is important to note that rolling a dog onto his back in order to give him a belly rub (if the dog did not roll there himself) is not advised, as “it can make the dog anxious and upset.” Dr. Gruen says there are situations where tummy rubs may not be desired. “Watch your dog for cues that he would like a belly rub — dogs may not wish to expose their bellies in all circumstances, such as when outside or in unfamiliar surroundings.”
You don't need to be concerned if your dog doesn't like having his belly rubbed, notes Dr. Gruen, because just like people, he may have different ideas about what feels good. “However, a dog owner may need to be concerned if a belly rub, or any gentle handling, is associated with aggression,” she adds. For instance, if your dog growls during a belly rub, Dr. Gruen advises you just get up and walk away. She also suggests that you contact your veterinarian, because “pain, illness and behavioral disorders can contribute to aggression, and should be addressed with a professional.”
More on Vetstreet:
Like this article? Have a point of view to share? Let us know!
Take our breed quiz to find your next pet.
Get all the best pet news and information sent right to your inbox!
Thank you for subscribing!
Dogs and cats help improve our mental,
social and physical health — and we
have the science to prove it!
We asked our readers to share the funny
things and skillful tricks their dogs will do
to get Milk-Bone® Pill…
It’s more than just cute when your kitty
naps in a box — it’s an instinctive
behavior that’s hardwired in her…
Herding dog, search-and-rescue dog, guide dog, police dog, farm dog — you name it, the German Shepherd can do it.
Check out our collection of more than 250 videos about pet training, animal behavior, dog and cat breeds and more.
Wonder which dog or cat best fits your lifestyle? Our new tool will narrow down more than 300 breeds for you.
If the video doesn't start playing momentarily,
please install the latest version of Flash.
Thank you for subscribing.