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Food puzzles tap into an animal’s natural instincts to hunt and scavenge. They also encourage animals to use both mental and physical energy to obtain their food. For many animals, this may help decrease behavior problems that stem from boredom and lack of exercise. Your pets may be acting picky and lazy because they’re not being challenged — and food puzzles could be the solution.
That’s not to say that switching to food puzzles will be easy for your pets; some animals will be confused by the puzzle and will need help learning to engage with it. And cats may need a little more convincing than dogs to do a puzzle — though some felines instantly take to food puzzles, many prefer the path of least resistance. When given a choice between a bowl and a food puzzle, many cats will rush to the bowl. But that doesn’t mean food puzzles won’t work for your pets.
Some dogs and cats immediately respond to food puzzles with salivating eagerness to unearth the hidden contents, but others may need encouragement and a slow introduction. One way to introduce the concept of working for food is to divide the animal’s meal into several bowls, rather than serving it all in one place. Once your pet is comfortable with eating from multiple bowls, introduce the idea of working for a meal by increasing the distance between the bowls. Start by moving them just a few inches from each other; as your pets get used to this, work toward having the bowls in different rooms in your house.
You can also start with a puzzle that comes apart and looks like a typical food bowl. One of my favorites, the Busy Buddy Kibble Nibble, unscrews; the bottom section holds the kibble, while the top section adjusts to create various levels of difficulty for the pet. Slow learners can start by eating out of just the bottom piece, which resembles a food bowl. When your animal is ready to work for a treat or meal, add the top part.
You can also get your animals excited about food puzzles by introducing them as a fun extra rather than as a meal. For instance, feed your pets their normal kibble from a bowl and then offer a Kong stuffed with treats as dessert.
Keep expectations reasonable, though: When you’re stuffing a puzzle for a beginner animal, choose round treats and pack them loosely, so they can easily be licked or tipped out. This helps build your animal’s confidence and comfort level with the puzzles and makes it more likely that he will stick with it when it becomes his main source of food.
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