Milk replacers (canine)
Puppies which are orphaned or have a medical condition that prevents them from consuming adequate levels of nutrition require early intervention. Feeding a milk replacer will provide supportive nutrition to young puppies needing assistance. These products are given by mouth and are commonly available in powder and liquid forms.
WHAT IS THIS PRODUCT?
- A nutritionally balanced and complete milk replacer
REASONS FOR USING:
- Milk replacers can meet the nutritional requirements for critically ill, injured, or orphaned puppies
- Milk replacers can be used for those females in late gestation or early lactation which are requiring additional nutritional supplementation
Consult with your veterinarian for advice about the care and feeding of puppies. Pending the age and weight of the puppy, your veterinarian can determine the daily calories and hydration requirements.
Read and follow the product label carefully regarding dilution, mixing, and feeding instructions.
Most products can be given using an appropriate nursing bottle or dropper. Milk replacers should be fed at body temperature, avoid using a microwave when possible. If using a nursing bottle, ensure the holes are an appropriate size to avoid inhalation of the formula.
Follow your veterinarian's recommendations regarding daily volume or caloric requirements for your puppy. It is important to weigh your puppy frequently to ensure they are thriving. Younger puppies will require feedings 6-8 times daily while older puppies may be managed with 4 times daily. Often, you can adjust the feeding volume and frequency based on the individual needs of each puppy.
WHAT IF A DOSE IS MISSED?
If a feeding is missed, give it as soon as you can. If it is time already for the next feeding, try to adjust volume accordingly and go back to the normal schedule. Do not give two full feeding volumes at the same time without consulting your veterinarian.
STORAGE AND WARNINGS:
Unopened Milk replacer should be stored in a childproof container in a cool, dry place at room temperature away from heat and direct sunlight.
Once opened, unused portions need to be covered and refrigerated.
Check with product label, some products need to be discarded within 24 hours after reconstitution.
Ensure appropriate cleanliness of all feeding equipment.
Keep this and all medication out of reach of children and pets.
Call your physician immediately if you accidentally take this product.
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS:
- This product is usually well tolerated and adverse reactions are uncommon at recommended doses
- Feeding recommendations are typically based on weight of the puppy; overfeeding can lead to intestinal upset and diarrhea. It is often safer to give smaller and more frequent feedings.
- Notify your veterinarian immediately if your pet experiences any adverse reactions to this product
CAN THIS DRUG BE GIVEN WITH OTHER DRUGS?
- Do not give new food, supplements, or medications without first talking to your veterinarian
- If your pet experiences any unusual reactions when taking multiple medications, contact your veterinarian
Contact your veterinarian immediately if your pet receives more than the recommended amount.
WHAT TO TELL/ASK A VETERINARIAN BEFORE GIVING THIS PRODUCT?Talk to your veterinarian about:
- The nutritional requirements for your puppy and the expected weight gain
- How to assist your puppy with defecation and urination
- Any difficulties with defecation - either constipation or diarrhea
- Importance of deworming and other potential parasites at this life stage
- When is an appropriate time to start weaning to an appropriate puppy food
- What tests may need to be performed prior to and during treatment with this supplement
- If your pet has experienced side effects on other drugs/products
- If your pet has experienced any other medical problems or allergies
- If your pet has experienced digestive upset now or ever
- All medicines and supplements that you are giving your pet or plan to give your pet, including those you can get without a prescription. Your veterinarian may want to check that all of your pet’s medications can be given together.
WHAT ELSE SHOULD I KNOW?
When possible, puppies should receive colostrum from their mother during the first 48 hours of life. The colostrum supplies essential antibodies that supports the immune system and assists with disease prevention. Human infant formulas and cow/goat’s milk are not appropriate choices for raising a healthy puppy.
Notify your veterinarian if your puppy is not gaining weight and does not improve or worsens despite this treatment.
As with all supplements, it should only be given to the pet for which it was recommended.
This is just a summary of information about Milk replacers. If you have any questions or concerns about this product or for the condition it was recommended, please contact your veterinarian.