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1.Few people ever consider this option but, remembering my anecdotes at the start of this article, it might be helpful to have a talk with your neighbors and let them know that you are bothered by their cat’s presence on your property. Some cat owners simply may not realize their cats are causing trouble on the neighbors' property and may elect to limit their pet's outdoor time or stop the cat from going out at all.
2.The use of remote deterrents can be very useful to help keep cats away from your property. The best devices are triggered by motion sensors. When a cat trips the motion sensor, the devices can emit a loud noise, shake or spray the cat with compressed air. There is a device that you can hook up to your garden hose and when the device is turned on, it will spray the cat with water from your hose. The deterrents should be positioned in locations around your property that the cats frequently visit. Some cats may just walk through a property and not approach a person’s house. However if your indoor cat is sensitive to the sight of another cat, he may still become upset seeing another cat in his yard. For these cats, setting up the deterrent at the entry point where they come into the yard is key to stopping the offending cat from crossing onto the property. Cats are predators to small prey but are prey to larger predators. They hate to be caught by surprise. So once the cat has been startled, it may take a few days or weeks before the cat will venture back. If you maintain the deterrents and the cat gets startled again, it may be a good long while before the cat comes back to your yard.
3.If you do not want to talk to your neighbors or set up remote deterrents, another option is limiting your cat’s visual access to the outside. Although this won’t stop your cat from hearing or smelling other cats outside, sometimes it is enough to calm the situation. Some people may choose to leave the blinds down. However this may not stop indoor cats from scratching at the blinds or squeezing their way between the blinds and window. Owners can purchase plastic static opaque window clings, which are easily found at home-improvement stores, and cover the lower half of the window to limit their cat's view. This way natural light can still come in from the top half of the window, but your cat cannot see out via the lower half. Your cat can still look outside and see the sky and certain wildlife so the view will still provide a source of enrichment. Food puzzles, pheromone sprays and closing off rooms of the house are also management and distraction techniques that may help somewhat.
Some owners have asked about the use of commercial products marketed as cat deterrents. These products typically call for the owner to spray a chemical around the house and/or property. I have not found a product that has been effective so I usually do not recommend this type of products.
If the suggestions mentioned do not work for your cats then it is time to talk to your veterinarian, who may recommend a referral to a veterinary behaviorist or other certified animal behaviorist for additional help. A behaviorist may develop a plan to help manage the indoor cat and teach him to calm down. For example, behavior-modification exercises might help teach the cat not to get upset when he sees another cat or help repair the relationship between the owner and the cat or any other pets in the house the cat has attacked through redirected aggression. Sometimes, short-term anti-anxiety medication may help.
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