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One of the most useful behaviors you can teach your dog is to lie down on command. Using a food lure, you can teach this behavior in four simple steps.
In order to focus on the training, your dog needs to be comfortable, so start with the right training environment. It may be easier for your dog to practice down on an uncarpeted surface where his feet can easily slide out from underneath him. However, some dogs dislike the feeling of a cold, hard floor and are much more likely to lie down on a soft spot, such as carpet, grass or a doggy bed. Pick the type of surface you think your dog is most likely to lie down on and be prepared to switch if needed.
To lure your dog into a down, you will need a handful of smal individual treats that can be doled out one by one. Nestle the treats in the palm of your hand. With your dog in a sitting position, hold the food lure out in front of his nose. Treat initially when his nose starts to follow your hand toward the floor. As his head follows, mark with a “good” and then treat again. Continue to treat any progress toward the floor, such as his elbow bending or his legs starting to straighten. Some dogs will immediately slide into a laying position while others may need multiple treats on the way down. If your dog stands up, ask him to sit and then begin luring him to the floor again. Once your dog is lying down fully, treat him while he's there to promote a longer duration down and then say a release word like “OK,” and toss a treat to get him into a stand again.
Once your dog is readily following a lure into the down position and is only getting a treat after he is lying down, teach him to follow a hand signal. Shape your empty hand so that it appears that you are holding a treat as you move it toward the floor. As soon as your dog lies down, mark with a “good” and immediately treat with your opposite hand. If your dog is reliant upon the food lure to move into the down position, you may have to continue to hold a treat in your luring hand at first, but instead of rewarding him with that treat, give him a treat from your other hand when he gets into the right position.
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