Click here to learn more.
Vetstreet. All rights reserved.
Vetstreet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. See Additional Information ›
A: Urine marking — which involves the release of small amounts of urine typically on vertical surfaces like walls or poles — is most often seen in male
dogs, especially those who have not been neutered. Females will also mark on occasion, particularly if they’re in heat. An animal can begin marking as early as 3 months old.
The problem is that urine marking can be hard to distinguish from a loss of housetraining, and there may be medical reasons behind your dog's behavior. It's difficult to know what the cause is without talking with your vet. The good news is that with your vet's help, you can sort out the cause of the urination and recommend the best steps to help resolve the problem.
As the name implies, urine marking is a way for a dog to mark his territory. The scent of urine from previous incidents and environmental competition from male dogs are the two most common factors that trigger marking, but emotional stress — such as from new people, pets or objects around the home — can also lead to unwanted marking indoors.
Of course, one of the best ways to reduce urine marking is to
spay your dog. In fact, it's a good idea to
spay all the pets in the household, because hormones in other pets (such as when a female is in heat) can trigger marking behavior.
Punishment rarely stops marking; in fact, it usually makes the situation worse by causing emotional stress. Dogs can learn to mark only when it’s “safe,” so punishment teaches the dog to be secretive and mark when his owner isn’t watching, which makes changing the behavior even more difficult. The most effective method of training is to give your dog an alternative activity. For example, if the main trigger is a visitor to your home, break up your dog’s normal routine by offering him an activity that’s incompatible with marking, such as hunting for kibble in the backyard or chewing on a Kong.
Another option is to supervise your dog and watch for any indication that he’s about to mark — sniffing, spinning, doing fast direction changes, lifting a leg — and interrupt him immediately with a firm “Oops!” Then issue a command, such as a sit, stay or lie down. Whenever supervision or alternative activities aren’t possible, kenneling can be a great backup management tool.
It’s also important to eliminate urine odors by cleaning and deodorizing the areas where your
dog most often marks — and make them less appealing by coating the surface with a repelling scent. To fully eliminate odors on floors, wash with an antiseptic disinfectant liquid twice a week for one month. Opt for an enzymatic cleaner on upholstery or carpeting, and clean the area twice a week for a month.
If possible, limit your dog's access to the areas where he has previously marked or try feeding your dog in those areas, so he identifies them as positive places where he eats, rather than places to mark.
Separation anxiety is another common emotional trigger for marking, which can be addressed by your vet or a certified dog trainer. As a last resort, antianxiety medication may help reduce the problem, so talk to your veterinarian about whether this option is appropriate for your dog.
Like this article? Have a point of view to share? Let us know!
Thank you for subscribing to Petwire. Look for the latest newsletter each Wednesday.
The singer rescued the pup from Animal
Rescue Foundation Tulsa and paid the
adoption fees for 19 other canines.
We’re sharing five reasons why the
friendly, massively popular Golden
Retriever may be your perfect match.
What can felines teach us about
friendship? To forgive and forget, take
care of your people and so much more!
Did you know that the age at which your
puppy should start eating adult food
depends greatly on his size?
We’d be very impressed if you already
knew all these fascinating facts about the
top 10 most popular cat breeds!
Did you know that anemia itself is not a
disease but the sign of an underlying
problem? Dr. Ann Hohenhaus explains.
Get ready to cringe (and laugh). We
asked our readers to share their most
mortifying pet bathroom tales.
The Great Pyrenees, who was bred to protect livestock from predators such as wolves, is an excellent watchdog.
Take our breed quiz to find your next pet.
If the video doesn't start playing momentarily,
please install the latest version of Flash.
Thank you for subscribing.