2001-Tue Feb 21 00:24:54 EST 2017
Vetstreet. All rights reserved.
Vetstreet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. See Additional Information ›
Why should you be aware of feline
hyperthyroidism? Because it is the most common glandular disorder in cats. Since it shares several signs with other common feline diseases like
kidney failure and even intestinal disease, it can be difficult to diagnose. A thorough evaluation by your veterinarian is necessary to make the correct diagnosis.
Hyperthyroidism in cats is a disorder caused by excess production of thyroid hormone from either a benign growth or a tumor of the thyroid gland. Although almost all thyroid tumors in cats are benign and rarely spread, the disease they cause can be life threatening.
That’s because thyroid hormones are intricately involved in the body’s metabolism. The high levels of thyroid hormones present in feline hyperthyroidism result in an “overactive” metabolism and exert negative effects on many body systems. Over time, these negative effects result in the most common signs of feline hyperthyroidism.
Weight loss is the most common sign in hyperthyroid cats and is seen in up to 98 percent of affected cats, even though they usually are eating adequate amounts of food. It is common for hyperthyroid cats to be underweight and exhibit an unkempt appearance.
Increased appetite. At least 80 percent of owners of hyperthyroid cats report a hearty or very robust appetite. Affected cats often
demand food and eat voraciously when presented with their meals; however, they continue to lose weight. This alludes to the seriousness of the overactive metabolism present in affected cats.
3. Increased urination and water drinking.
High levels of thyroid hormones cause the kidneys to produce more urine. Owners of hyperthyroid cats will often notice more and larger clumps of urine in the
litterbox. Some cats might also
urinate outside the litterbox. Affected cats also drink more to compensate for the extra urine production but sometimes still develop dehydration.
Vomiting and/or diarrhea. Approximately 50 percent of hyperthyroid cats will experience some
vomiting and/or diarrhea.
Vomiting often results from rapid overeating. Hyperthyroid cats also experience rapid movement of food through their intestines, which may result in
diarrhea and/or increased fecal volume.
Hyperactivity and/or behavioral changes. Owners of hyperthyroid
cats often report increased activity and restlessness, as well as excess
vocalization. Some affected cats may develop a tendency toward
aggression and exhibit unpredictable or unusual behavior.
These are the most common signs of typical feline hyperthyroidism. However, due to routine screening of middle-age to older cats for this incredibly common hormonal disorder, many veterinarians are diagnosing hyperthyroidism earlier than ever before. As such, some affected cats may have only minor signs with limited abnormalities on their examinations. A small percentage of hyperthyroid cats may not exhibit any
obvious disease signs at all.
Like this article? Have a point of view to share? Let us know!
Take our breed quiz to find your next pet.
Get all the best pet news and information sent right to your inbox!
Thank you for subscribing!
Many dogs will eat just about anything in
their path. That's why it's so important to
know the signs of intestinal…
From taking pills to clipping nails,
we’re here to help you take the stress
out of things many dogs loathe.
With plenty of patience, practice and
praise your dog might be willing to accept
— or even enjoy — this dental care…
Need a leash for regular outings or one
that can walk multiple canines? These
types of leashes are your best…
The fun and rambunctious Flat-Coated Retriever, known for his puppyish enthusiasm, makes a great family pet.
Check out our collection of more than 250 videos about pet training, animal behavior, dog and cat breeds and more.
Wonder which dog or cat best fits your lifestyle? Our new tool will narrow down more than 300 breeds for you.
If the video doesn't start playing momentarily,
please install the latest version of Flash.
Thank you for subscribing.