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When temperatures rise, pets tend to spend more time outside, either relaxing in the sunshine, taking long walks or playing. While the fresh air and exercise are great for them (and you!), it’s important to be aware of some outdoor risks — specifically, bugs and parasites that can bite your pet and make him sick. But don't worry, taking a few precautions before you head outside can help keep these pests away.
Ticks are attracted to motion, warm temperatures and the carbon dioxide that your pet exhales. Ticks cannot jump or fly, so they climb onto objects like fences or vegetation. They wait there for a human or animal to walk by so they can cling onto an unwitting host and hitch a ride. Ticks can carry different pathogens (disease-causing microbes), depending on the area of the country in which you live. Ask your veterinarian which ticks are prevalent in your area so you can be on the lookout.
Once ticks find a host, they take a bite — though your pet probably won’t even feel it. The bite can transfer pathogens to a pet, which can lead to disease, or the bite site can become infected. If this happens, your veterinarian will often treat the infection with oral antibiotics. Topical antibiotics aren't enough, as the infection could have already spread through your pet’s body, making it much harder to treat.
One of the best ways to deal with ticks is to avoid them in the first place. Don't take walks in the woods during prime season. Keep the grass, trees and bushes in your yard trimmed, and clear away any brush where ticks might like to hide.
Speak to your veterinarian about which of the available preventive products are best suited to your geographic area and the age of your pet. These products help kill ticks, but be sure you check with your veterinarian before using them. Some products should only be used on adult dogs or cats. The new generation of preventive products is highly effective at tackling ticks, but only use them as directed, and talk to your vet before combining products. Insecticide sprays intended for use on clothing and/or humans should never be used on pets.
Most importantly, never use any product labeled for a dog on a cat. Products labeled for dogs may contain pyrethrins orpermethrins, which can be extremely toxic to cats. Your veterinarian can advise you on the best preventive products for your particular pets.
After your pet spends time outdoors, check him carefully for ticks, especially in hard-to-reach places (ticks like to hide in warm areas, so be sure to check folds of skin, under the arms, in the ears, between the toes, etc.). Keep in mind that ticks can be very tiny — some are as small as the head of a pin. If you find a tick on your dog or cat, first of all, don’t panic. Try to remove the tick as soon as possible. Cats can often remove ticks during grooming, but not if the tick is in an inaccessible place, like behind the ear. For safe removal, avoid touching the tick with bare fingers. Use tweezers to take hold of the tick, and pull slowly and steadily. If you can't remove the tick’s mouthparts fromyour pet’s skin, don't worry. Once the body has been removed, the tick can no longer transmit pathogens, and the area should heal on its own. Just tossing the tick down the sink or toilet may allow it to survive and crawl out, so first put the tick in rubbing alcohol to kill it. If you have a hard time removing the tick, or are unsure how to do it properly, contact your veterinarian.
By taking a few simple precautions and checking with your veterinarian, you can help keep your pet tick-free all summer long!
Ticks affect many different mammals, birds and reptiles because they can transmit pathogens from prior hosts.
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