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Skunks don't really want to make you stink. In fact, they always warn you first.
"The first thing he's going to do is try to run away. If he gets cornered, he's going to turn around and put his tail up and stomp at you. He may charge and stomp. He's hoping you'll back off," says
Jerry Dragoo, who studies skunks at the
University of New Mexico.
Seems like skunks send a clear message, but though some animals recognize that warning, our
dogs often don't. "There's a communication breakdown. They don't speak the same language," says professor
Theodore Stankowich of California State University, Long Beach.
In addition to the warning routine, the skunk's black and white coat is a sign of danger to many animals, though dogs don't seem to recognize it. In the wild, "things that are toxic or poisonous have bold, contrasting color patterns, and it's a common theme for predators to be able to easily learn that these bold, contrasting color patterns are bad," Stankowich says.
Unfortunately for both
dogs and their owners, domestic canines don't seem to put two and two together the way wild predators do. "It goes beyond skunks — there are accounts of dogs attacking other black and white animals, such as badgers or honey badgers, and not getting the warning colors," Stankowich says. "Something was clearly lost during the process of domestication."
Even worse, although some dogs do learn that what skunks have in store for them is nasty stuff, some of them not only don't mind it, they actually seem to relish it. "Some
dogs, if they've been sprayed, they know not to mess with skunks anymore. If they see the threat display, they'll back off. Other dogs just can't get enough. They seem to enjoy getting sprayed," Dragoo says. "They'll [go] back again and again and roll around in it."
The skunk's odor comes from the same kind of
anal glands found in your dog and other carnivores, but the skunk's glands are more developed and have something similar to a nipple that he can point in different directions. The spray itself contains thiols, the chemical compounds present in other stinky things, which may explain why
some dogs may be fond of the smell.
Unlike most other wild animals, skunks are not as fearful of people and pets because they count on the threat of their stinky defense to keep them from being harassed.
And you can have a smelly skunk encounter
without going out in the woods, because skunks are quite happy to live among us. Like any animal, they're looking for food, water and shelter, and our cities and suburbs provide plenty of all three. "Skunks eat pretty much anything. If you leave your garbage out, they'll eat your leftovers, dog food or
cat food, fruits," Dragoo says. "They will dig up lawns and gardens for the grubs."
They also get more comfortable with people the more they live around us. "A skunk out in the wilderness may not see humans that often, so he may run away more quickly. But if you're in a campground, those wild skunks are used to people and people's behavior, and they will just walk through and rummage through your tent," Dragoo says. "In the city, skunks are used to people. They can kind of predict how people are going to react; you can push them a little further before you make them spray. If they live in your yard, they know your routine. If you come out every night at 9, they'll wait till 10 to come out."
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