2001-Mon Jan 23 22:08:38 EST 2017
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Fleas and ticks are more than just annoying pests — they can
cause real health problems for your pets. But with some simple steps, you can help
protect your furry friends from these parasites and prevent any discomfort. Here are the top seven ways to do it.
1. Treat for fleas and ticks year-round.
While it's true that
ticks are more common in the summer months (they thrive in temperatures between 65 and 80 degrees), some can also survive indoors during the winter — even in cold climates. For this reason, many
veterinarians recommend year-round preventive measures to protect pets. There are many products from which to choose — check with your vet for the best one to meet your pet's individual needs. Make sure you read and carefully follow your veterinarian’s instructions for how and when to use the product. This is the best way to guarantee that it will effectively protect your pet.
2. Do not use old preventive products.
If you have old
flea or tick products to which you have been holding on, it is probably time to trade them in for something new. Old products, especially ones past their expiration date, can lose effectiveness. And you always want to check with your vet about new brands or products in the marketplace that may work better than what you've traditionally been using.
3. Do not use a canine product on cats.
flea and tick preventives that are formulated for
dogs contain an ingredient that is toxic to cats. It can cause very severe reactions in
cats, which require immediate veterinary care. The product label will clearly indicate the species for which it has been approved. Be sure to use products only as intended.
4. Do regular tick checks.
If you and your pet have been in an area that might have ticks, be sure to do a tick check once you're indoors, inspecting your pet’s skin, ears and armpits for ticks. Deer ticks, for example, have to bite your pet and be attached for approximately 24 hours in order to transmit the pathogen that causes Lyme disease, so the best way to prevent transmission is
finding and getting rid of any ticks as soon as possible. And though not every tick bite transmits a disease, it's a good idea to alert your veterinarian that your pet has been bitten. You'll also want to monitor your pet’s behavior for any changes, such as lethargy, limping or loss of appetite.
5. Groom your pet regularly.
Grooming is a great way to spend quality time with your pet. It also helps you keep an eye out for any external parasites that may be hiding under your pet’s haircoat.
6. Clean up your yard.
Along with keeping a well-maintained house, be sure to clean up
your yard, too. Mow your lawn regularly, as ticks tend to like high grasses. Fleas prefer warm, moist, shady areas with organic debris. Raking leaves, brush and clippings from your yard will give fleas fewer places to hide and breed.
7. Get regular checkups.
One important thing your veterinarian does during your
pet’s routine checkup is
examine him for any signs of parasite problems to help ensure that the preventive product you are using is working effectively. However, you should
contact your veterinarian right away if you have questions at any time about the product.
Fleas and ticks can cause a number of health problems in pets. Keeping your pet flea- and tick-free not only makes him comfortable, but it also helps him stay healthy, by avoiding these problems:
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